What are the main hormones?
There are a number of hormones used in birth control. It is important to note, however, that you cannot use every hormone on all types of birth control. Many people may find that one type of hormone helps them have an orgasm more often and others need an alternative. The hormone for female birth control, estradiol, is more effective in preventing pregnancy than the estrogen, progesterone, that is used by most women to prevent conception. Other hormones that are used in birth control are follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH).
Some types of birth control work by regulating the production of hormones in the body. This happens before ovulation or when you are in your menstrual cycle. For example, some methods include the combined oral contraceptive pill (COC) and the hormone progestin-only (Depo-Provera), both of which contain the hormone progesterone. The Pill can stop the ovulation of some women. The hormones of the body control the production of sex hormones, such as the sex hormone estrogen. These hormones have many effects on the body. They can affect your skin, hair, bone density, and reproductive function. The hormones that are used to treat gender dysphoria are called "male hormone blockers." Some types of hormones that work to make a person male are testosterone (the male hormone), and estrogen (the female hormone). These two hormones regulate how male and female you feel.